Monday, 22 May 2017

Black History Month UK Conceiver Addai Sebo's Message To AHMUK Launch Participants

Click this image to watch video

Ghanaian-born Addai Sebo, the person who conceived the idea of marking Black (which we now call African) History Month in the UK in October, was recently in London where he recorded a video message that was delivered to participants at the African History Month UK Network launch, which took place on May 13 2017 at Unite The Union's London headquarters.

You can read the full text at the bottom of this post, or click here for the video version.

Among the launch attendees, we say a special thank you to Bro Emmanuel of Word Power Books, Tony Warner of Black History Walks, Avril Nanton of Avril's Walks and Talks, Devon Thomas of The Black Heritage Group, Eku McGred, creator of 'The African Child' resources, Celine Akigwe of Afristoricals, and Kubara Zamani of Nubiart Diary. Bro Kwaku is the Network co-ordinator., who made a presentation entitled From Black History Month To African History Month 30 Years On... The presentation highlighted how Black History Month (BHM) was introduced in Britain, where it's at, and where it should be going, especially this year, as we mark BHM's 30th anniversary; and history's role in addressing UN's IDPAD (International Decade For People Of African Descent) initiative.

For more details about the African History Month UK Network, which aims to be a hub that connects and disseminates information about community African history delivery throughout the year across the UK, contact Kwaku,

The week before, Brother Addai Sebo joined us at the African Histories Revisited-organised From Mangrove Nine To Guerrilla: A Community Dialogue On Representation Of African British event at the University Of Westminster Marylebone campus, where he spoke about having "sat at the feet" of the likes of Chancellor WilliamsJohn Henrik ClarkeBen-Jochannan, and Frances Cress Welsing, whilst in exile in the US. Addai Sebo is pictured below receiving a copy of 'African Voices: Quotations By People Of African Descent' book from community activist Ama Gueye. Attendees included Tony Warner of Black History Walks, Devon Thomas of The Black Heritage Group, Bro Andrew Muhammed a.k.a The Investigator, and former British Black Panther Movement member Liz Obi.

Message To African History Month UK Network Launch – Saturday, May 13, 2017
Anuanom (i.e. Sisters and Brothers gathered). This is Addai-Sebo.
I have been in London the past two weeks and I am on my way back to Ghana. I came to confer with Ansel Wong and Robert Lee on how best our collective African community can organise itself to celebrate the 30th anniversary of Black History Month this coming October and prepare the way for our youth to take over from those of us who initiated the cause of Black History Month. We strongly feel that the time has come to pass on the baton to a well prepared and groomed younger generation. I thank Brother Kwaku for the opportunity to share some thoughts with you. I take this opportunity to pay tribute to the African conscientisation work of Kwaku along the instructions of Kwame Nkrumah’s CONSCIENCISM. Brother Kwaku, well done for working so hard along with Serwah to uplift the AFRICAN PERSONALITY. We must free ourselves from mental enslavement so as to be sacredly conscious of our African identity and reality. Such is the abiding task and challenge of the institution of the month of October as our own sacred space and period of self-examination and renewal.
Black History Month is African History Month as African History Month is Black History Month. As Peter Tosh sang: “No Matter where you come from so long as you are black you are an African”. Black History Month is Afrocentric in its intent and purpose. The essence of Black History Month is the space it occupies in the annual British Calendar of events. It is this space that we should hold sacred, protect and enhance in our collective interest. It is this space that we should fill each year with content that gives meaning to our life and answers the challenges of our time. The space has been created for you to manage it in our collective self-interest. The month of October therefore is your space. It is yours and you must consciously own this space and make the correct choices to define the space in our collective self-interest. Each one of you, so far as you think and know, accept and respect yourself as to why you are an African, is and must be the manifest content of Black History Month. A liberated and enlightened African constitutes the manifested content of Black History Month. He or she who says and understands I AM AFRICAN I AM PROUD or I AM BLACK I AM PROUD is a manifestation of the social and economic purpose of Black History Month.
Black History Month is your space and so hold on to and shape that space in the collective interest of our African community sojourning in the United Kingdom.
The time has come for us to prepare ourselves to pick up from where Marcus Garvey left off with the BACK TO AFRICA MOVEMENT.  There must be a conscious and organized movement Back to Africa. Diaspora Africa has a critical role to play in the urgent need for Mother Africa to MAKE UP, CATCH UP AND SURPASS IN ALL AREAS OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND SECURITY. OCTOBER therefore is our sacred month of individual, family and collective self-examination of our future in the present. October is the period for us to reflect on our collective destiny and come out with solutions to resolve our state of under-development as clarified by the intellectual work of Walter Rodney and Kwame Nkrumah. We must amend or make up, catch up and surpass because as Marcus Garvey taught us: “If we did it before, we can do it again”.
This coming October will mark the 30th anniversary of Black History Month and you are gathered now to reflect on these 30 years, look at lessons learnt and let the benefit of hindsight guide you in your preparations to celebrate and honour the contributions of Africans to world civilisation from antiquity to the present and the positive impact that Mother Africa’s beholden children sojourning in the United Kingdom continue to make to British life as did Septimius Severus and Augustine. Black History Month is therefore a period of self-examination and intellectual preparation for the future safety and development of Mother Africa and her children “both at home and abroad”.  This meaning and character of Black History Month is enshrined in the chosen symbol, SANKOFA (i.e. Retrieving the Past is No Taboo). We must imprint this metaphoric bird “looking back to move forward” in our consciousness and display it all over. You must catch the depth of meaning of the SACRED SANKOFA BIRD superimposed over the skyline of London. The wise is spoken to in proverbs. It is not a taboo to retrieve the past.
Septimius Severus was an African Roman Emperor of Rome from AD 193 to 211 and it was he who came to England to protect Britain from the “savages from the North”. He rebuilt the Hadrian’s Wall and gave Britain hundreds of years of peace as a result of the protective institutions he built and left behind. Septimius Severus did not assimilate as even his food was imported then directly from Africa.
St. Augustine of Hippo (AD 354-430) was one of the most prolific geniuses that humanity has ever known and who gave meaning to Christianity and Christian life. He was an African born in modern day Algeria. His influence informed the life and work of St. Augustine of Canterbury (d. AD 605), originally sent to England from Rome by Pope St. Gregory The Great to convert the Anglo-Saxons in to Catholicism. Your African ancestor, St. Augustine, was described as the “The Father of Catholicism”.
You are AFRICAN AND PROUD just like Emperor Septimius Severus with his DNA – Directly Nurtured African -  well engrained. Believe in yourself and train and shape your mind so that your DNA recaptures its Directly Nurtured African personality as Kwame Nkrumah taught us.
Black History Month is yours and the protection and advancement of this sacred space lies in your self-consciousness as a proud African.
©Akyaaba Addai-Sebo 08/05/2017

Wednesday, 5 April 2017

TAOBQ Responds: We Wouldn’t Write ‘Afro-Caribbean’ Today, But Is ‘People Of Colour’ OK Now?

April 5 2017

By Kwaku
TAOBQ co-ordinator

TAOBQ Responds: We Wouldn’t Write ‘Afro-Caribbean’ Today, But Is ‘People Of Colour’ OK Now?

Today the Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent conference being held in Geneva April 3-7 has a consultation with civil society organisations. Whilst we won’t be there to formally take issue with the “Descent” part of its name, we’ve inputted into a submission that calls for recognition of Afriphobia, as an alternative to its favoured Afrophobia spelling.

However this article is in response to the ‘We Wouldn’t Write ‘Afro-Caribbean’ Today, But Is ‘People Of Colour’ OK Now?’ article by former Guardian readers’ editor Chris Elliott. Although it’s over a year old, I only recently chanced on it online and felt the need to respond to this rather revealing article on how the Guardian’s editors interrogate the ‘race’ terminologies the paper uses.

In the 15 years I’ve been involved in community African (you notice I’m not using the usual Black) history delivery, I’ve been harping on about the importance of terminology, mostly within spaces occupied by African British people with some interest in history.

I didn’t realise the mainstream, by which I mean that which is dominated by the Europeans (some say white), had any particular interest in how we, Africans, are described. Which is why I’m both surprised and impressed by this revelatory piece -

Responding to the article, I warn you now, gives me an opportunity to deal with some long-standing bugbears.

Yes, I agree that “language evolves”. Indeed, I’m part of a group that has been pushing for Afriphobia to be used when referring specifically to anti-African racism or prejudice, just as Islamophobia has now come to be understood as racism or prejudice against Muslims. We urged the Shami Chakrabarti Inquiry to use Afriphobia specifically in reference to anti-African racism, which made its way into the Inquiry's Report published last June.

However even amongst those who signed the Africans For JC Values letter to the Inquiry, they were a few who had some reservations with the word, simply because of the “phobia” part. This is because phobia means “irrational fear”. But of course the meaning of words can be made to evolve. Hence Afriphobia has nothing to be with fear. It’s simply means deliberate, though it can also be unwitting, racism against Africans.

We have also been insistent that the word is spelt (I have never been comfortable with using the more prevalent alternative ‘spelled’) with an “i”, as it then closely ties this form of racism to Africans. Just like anti-Semitism is linked to Jewish people, though technically it ought to apply to Arabs as well, as they are also Semites.

Before I get off from this particular soap box, I’d like to add that as I write this, the United Nations’ Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent – the body that was instrumental in the UN adopting 2015-24 as the International Decade For People Of African Descent (IDPAD), has an April 3-7 conference in Geneva, where the Afrophobia spelling will be used. A representative of IDPAD Coalition UK has been advised to introduce our alternative spelling into the April 5 deliberations with civil society organisations.

Now back to Chris’ article (you probably can guess how long ago I was in primary, or what we called preparatory, school, because I find the alternative Chris’s spelling inelegant). I’m glad the Guardian news editors questioned the ‘people of colo(u)r’ (POC) terminology. We do not have to import every Americanism, particularly one that is insidiously racist!

African people here are beginning to use POC much more, I guess because it seems like a convenient way to refer to non-Europeans, instead of BAME, which I don’t use. I prefer AAEM (African, Asian, Ethnic Minority).

As I don’t tire of saying – POC is not only racist, it’s also nonsense! Firstly, white is a colour. When one goes to B&Q looking for paint that looks like  snow, one asks for white paint, not the “non-colour” paint!

Secondly, without realising it, the very people that are using terms like POC in the context of fighting racism or white supremacy, are unwittingly propping up white supremacy by suggesting that Europeans, or white people, are a breed apart, and the rest of humanity has colour.

Which brings me to a truism lost on many – there is only one race – the human race. Sure, we have different phenotypes, but the classification into different “races” is a baseless social construct that has its basis in the kind of racist ideology that justified European enslavement of Africans. Thankfully, quack racist "science", from eugenics to The Bell Curve, have been discredited.

Whilst I’m at it, I also preach that as science claims that all humanity came from Africa, then it stands to reason that terms such as “African origin”, “African descendant” and “African descent” can not specifically refer to just Africans.

African or African heritage specifically refers to African people. So at this stage, as a pan-Africanist, I must explain that my usage of African refers to all people of African heritage, whether their immediate antecedents are located on the African continent or its Diaspora.

As Chris correctly notes, Afro-Caribbean has become outdated. We advocate the use of African-Caribbean, but not as in the prevalent erroneous understanding that it refers to people of African and Caribbean backgrounds. The truth is that African-Caribbean refers only to people of African heritage with Caribbean backgrounds.

Hence African-Caribbean does not refer to me, as I am of continental African background. Which is why we move for African to be used as a unifying descriptor for all people of African heritage. And for those who feel this subsumes their Caribbean roots, the alternative is African/African-Caribbean. We don’t accept Black as a suitable terminology for African people, but it’s fine when used in the context of the unifying political Black.

Oh, need I mention that Caribbean is not synonymous with African-Caribbean? How many times do we hear people using the term Caribbean people, when they mean just African-Caribbean people.

They obviously do not realise that there are African-Caribbean, European-Caribbean and Asian-Caribbean people!

Recently, I saw a scholarship being awarded to young Caribbean boys. I wondered if a Caribbean boy of Asian heritage applied and was refused on the grounds that it was aimed at African-Caribbeans, wouldn't there be a sound reason for a legal challenge?

Incidentally, some years ago a now defunct African British (no Black British here) national newspaper decided its house style would use African/Caribbean – but then again this was inadequate, because the intention was not to cover Caribbeans of all heritages.

I will mention West Indian, which like coloured ought to be dead by now, only to point out that it’s mainly used today by people who had their formative education in the British colonial system.

Europeans routinely mention countries and Africa in the same breath. For example “I went to Germany, France, Japan, and Africa.” My wife once had to point out to an anti-war campaigning group that it was disrespectful and unhelpful to indicate that its meeting would have speakers from several named countries, and Africa, as if Africa is a country

Whilst I do not intend to be patronising, I thought this particular mode of expression by Europeans was so endemic, I honestly did not think this was something European editors would even think about, let alone try to address.

If we are in the midst of IDPAD, which aims to address Afriphobia, discrimination and inequalities faced by people of African heritage, it’s time African people recognise that they are African and feel comfortable to describe themselves, and be described, as African.

My view on this issue can be accessed via the TAOBQ (The African Or Black Question) post entitled Thinking About Language In Teaching African History - The TAOBQ Primer, which is also reproduced in the ‘Look How Far We’ve Come: Race/Racism Primer’.

I will also be delving into the matter of African identity, history and terminology at the African And Proud? event at Unite The Union HQ in Holborn, London on Saturday April 22 2017, 12.30-4.30pm.

The event will have a segment where participants read quotes from ‘African Voices: Quotations By People Of African Descent’ (we’re all on a journey – the reprint will use ‘African Heritage’) and say how those quotes resonate with them.

I however leave you with a quote, not from ‘African Voices’, by the pan-Africanist historian Dr Runoko Rashidi: “We are African people. Get comfortable with it. And learn to love your African self.”

TAOBQ (The African Or Black Question) is a campaign focused on highlighting African identity and terminologies.

Sunday, 8 January 2017

Response To: 'Is 2017 The Year Of Action For Black Britons?'

Dear Patrick,

Re: Is 2017 the year of action for black Britons?*

I applaud you for kicking off the new year by setting markers for us to deal with in 2017 in your latest Voice article.

I realise that what’s online may not be the full article as published in the paper edition. Nevertheless, in highlighting the International Decade For People Of African Descent 2015-24 as the thread which runs throughout your suggestions, I would implore you to endeavour to help us fashion a unifying African British identity that takes cognisance of our different antecedents, be they located in the Caribbean, Africa, or Britain (please see (1) below).

So whilst I appreciate the work you do across heritage, health and politics, I must respond to some of the itemised points in your article:

1. Re: UN Decade of African Descent.
As much as I disagree with the "Descent" bit, can we nevertheless stick to the proper UN terminology, which is International Decade For People Of African Descent or the IDPAD acronym?

IDPAD is an opportunity to recognise that we are one family – Africans, irrespective of antecedents, and unite us as African people rather than separating us as ‘Africans and Caribbeans’. As you are aware, we have Asian and European Caribbeans. So when geo- specificity is required and we are referring to Caribbeans of African heritage, it’s helpful to use the African-Caribbean terminology.

We know it’s incumbent on the UK, as a member state of the UN, to publish and implement a programme of activity for the decade. However it may prudent for African individuals and organisations to come up with plans they can deliver, whilst lobbying the government to implement aspects of the specific plans that can only be implemented by government.

2. Re: The Heritage Lottery Fund, etc; The government should also adopt Windrush Day on June 22 to celebrate the Caribbean migration to Britain.
Rather than ring-fencing funds just for Windrush @ 80 commemorations, the focus of such funding should be for African-led organisations to deliver programmes marking the African (not Black) contributions to British and world civilisation, which naturally includes Windrush and beyond.

I hope that Windrush Day will be celebrating the contribution of people of African heritage to the UK

6.  Re: Funding should also be available along with a special memorial to support the role and sacrifices made by British West Indies Regiment.
What's the rationale for singling out the BWIR? What about the King's African Rifles or Royal West African Frontier Force?

Also, 30 years from the introduction of BlackHistory Month (BHM), should we not be aligning it with the African Jubilee Year Declaration which is what BHM was predicated on? And whilst we’re at it, shouldn’t it now be called African History Month?

I notice you’re silent on Reparations – is that an issue to be left for  another time within the IDPAD 2015-24 time frame?

Lastly, I’d like to encourage individuals and organisations to heed your call as chair of Labour’s race equality advisory group and consider making a submission to the Labour Party’s race consultation by the Jan. 13 deadline – see

I’ll certainly be suggesting that racism specifically against Africans be described as Afriphobia, and that a state-funded website be set up as a hub that provides a link to race-related research, which may cut down on unnecessary duplication, and provide empirical basis for making robust anti-racism policies and arguments.


Monday, 15 August 2016

Africans In The Corbyn Camp Don't Want Tokenism Nor Do We Want To Be Fodder

Africans In The Corbyn Camp Don't Want Tokenism Nor Do We Want To Be Fodder article to be released Tuesday Aug. 16, 9am - come back or else bookmark

Sunday, 19 June 2016

Colours For African Pride And For Marking Atrocities Against Africans?

June 20 2016
By Kwaku
TAOBQ co-ordinator

Following the terrorist attacks on Paris in 2015, who can forget the widespread exposure of the French flag colours of red, white and blue?

Facebook provided a filter for the colours on the profiles of subscribers who wanted to show solidarity with Parisians. The French tri-colour run across mastheads, such as Metro, the free London newspaper, whilst the colours were projected upon some of the city's buildings.

This year, following the massacre at the Orlando gay club, Metro's masthead was adorned with the multi-colours of the LGBT community's flag which was also photoshopped into the front page photo. Google incorporated the colours within its logo. And seeing the rainbow flag flying at half mast at the US embassy in Berne, Switzerland, one can imagine the same happened at other US embassies across the world.

This got me thinking - when do newspapers, corporate behemoths, or embassies show sympathy or solidarity by displaying symbolic colours when atrocities are inflicted against Africans?

Then it occurred to me that it wasn't so simple. What flag or colours are there that universally represent Africans? Not the green, white and yellow of the African Union (AU), as the organisation represents only continental Africa. The ratification of a 2012 proposed 6th region that could make African diasporan countries such as Haiti eligible for state membership seems far off.

There are two competing pan-African colours - red, gold and green, which is inspired by Ethiopia's green, gold and red flag, and the red, black and green of the UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Association-African Communities League) flag.

Moving forward, I propose a combination of both flags, thus creating a Global African flag consisting of red, black, gold and green, which can represent people of African heritage, be they from the African continent or the African diaspora.

Without taking anything away from the two pan-African tri-colours, there's no reason why this "unifying" quad-colour can not come to symbolise African pride, unity, or solidarity.

The Global African flag was created in 2014 to illustrate the August 31 Declared African History Reflection Day press release published on the TAOBQ blog on September 1 2014. This year, TAOBQ along with African Histories Revisited/BTWSC, will be marking the third African History Reflection Day (AHRD) as part of African History Reflection Day: An Xtra History & Reasoning Session at Harrow Mencap. Expect the Global African flag, and Afriphobia, to be some of the topics that come up for discussion.

If one's in sympathy with using certain colours to symbolise solidarity with Africans, particularly when atrocities are inflicted against them, then it's up to one to be pro-active and not wait for mainstream newspapers, corporate behemoths or embassies. They will only co-opt such a move after some groundswell has been created from the grassroots up.

Finally, whilst AHRD is inspired by a UNIA declaration, it's important to note that there are a number of global African histories connected to the month of August. One of which is the inspiration for a UN/UNESCO initiative which has noble aims, but which is mollified and undermined by what some heritage establishments call Slavery Remembrance (or Memorial) Day, but which conscious Africans call International Day Of African Resistance Against Enslavement - August 23.

August 23 And The Significance Of August Within Global African History is a free inter-generational event which takes place Tuesday Aug. 23 2016, 6.15-8.15pm at Unite HQ in Holborn, central London. To book:

A Collective Response To Recent Suspensions Of Labour Party Members For Alleged Anti-Semitism

Copied below is an Africans For JC Values-led letter recently delivered to the Labour Party HQ. The letter is co-signed by Labour Party members and non-members, Africans and non-Africans, Jewish and non-Jewish people, united in view that the selective use of suspensions is unhelpful.

Delegation hand over letter at Labour Party HQ. Photo by Kwaku

Africans For JC Values
For the attention of:
Iain McNichol
, General Secretary
Members of the National Executive Committee
and Compliance Unit Head
Labour Party
1 Brewers Green
London  SW1H 0RH 
Hand delivered on 14th June 2016

Dear Mr McNichol,

Re: A collective response to recent suspensions of Labour Party members
We, the undersigned, affirm our faith in true Labour values and therefore support the leadership of Jeremy Corbyn and the refreshing politics of the Alternative he has brought back to the Labour Party.  
We  are, however concerned about the recent suspensions of committed Labour Party members for alleged anti-Semitism which undermines serious discussion and thinking.  We are particularly concerned by the selective use of suspensions, most recently the suspension of Marlene Ellis, a hard working activist with a track record of fighting racism and supporting the local community, for an online post made on behalf of Momentum Black ConneXions which called for Ken Livingstone to be reinstated. 

We also register our concerns about the suspensions of Ken Livingstone, Simon Hinds, Tony Greenstein, David White and others. We are disappointed that the appalling behaviour of John Mann MP, haranguing and insulting Ken Livingstone, a senior citizen, and calling him a liar and Nazi apologist in front of cameras
has not led to reproach or censure from the Labour Party and its Compliance Unit, even though the behaviour brought the Labour Party into disrepute. John Mann MP is an elected representative of the Partyand his behaviour fell far short of the standards expected of elected representatives.

It appears allegations of anti-Semitism are being used to stifle the sharing of information on some of the uncomfortable events that took place during the Shoah
the Maangamizi (African Holocaust) and free speech. Allegations are also being made to silence criticisms of Israel, hamper the work of Momentum activists, and undermine Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn.
We are uncomfortable with the parallel between the suspensions and what took place during the McCarthy era in the United States.

It is worrying that comments that do not please a section of the population are deemed anti-Semitic,
 whether or not statements are made in the course of rational or factual discussionand there seems to be undue haste to suspend Some members of the Party appear to have exploited a somewhat hysterical atmosphere which has been allowed to developThis is reminiscent of the Salem Witch Trials in Massachusetts, rather than of calm, rational consideration. African tradition teaches us to value the lessons of the past in the spirit of Sankofa, so that we do not repeat mistakes. 

We also note that there isn't the same level of indignation when anti-African comments, or Islamophobic comments linking Muslims to ISIS, are made. All communities should be treated with equal respect.

The current suspensions are perceived as a tool to intimidate activists on the Left which is inimical to the progress of the Labour Party.

The recent lifting of Jackie Walker's suspension supports the view that the suspensions are being applied and publicised in haste, without due consideration.

We call on the General Secretary of the Labour Party, the Compliance Unit and the NEC to make a full response to the points raised in this letter and not use the Chakrabarti Inquiry as an excuse to avoid addressing the serious points raised.

Yours sincerely,

Awula Serwah, Africans for JC Values

Chris Jones, Africans for JC Values
Kwaku, Africans for JC Values
Nana Asante, Kilombo UK, Momentum member
Abu Akil, GACuk
Adotey Bing-Pappoe
Alexis Shepherd
Beverley Wong, Momentum Black ConneXions (MBC)
Camille Sahiri
Cathy Bolore
Delia Mattis Momentum Member
David Prichard-Jones, Labour Party Member
Dr David Muir
Dr. Ricardo Twumasi, Labour Party Member
Eddio Calpan
Esther Stanford-Xosei, Global Afrikan People's Parliament (GAPP)
Explo Nani-Kofi, Kilombo Centre for Civil Society and African Self Determination
Glenroy watson, GACuk
Ian Malcolm-Walker, Momentum NC and LRC EC both in a personal capacity
Jackie Walker, LRC, Labour Briefing Editorial Board
Jan Pollock, London Disabled People for Momentum member, UCU London retired member
Kayanja Tunya
Kofi Mawuli Klu, Pan-Afrikan Reparations Coalition in Europe (PARCOE)
Leandre Sahiri
Linda Musoke
Martha Osamor
Mary Goffore
Mary Sithole
Master Mo Monty
Michael Kalmanovitz, International Jewish Anti-Zionist Network (U.K.)
Mike Cowley, Edinburgh North and Leith CLP in a personal capacity
Natoya Smith
Nechamah Bonanos, Streatham CLP member Brixton and Streatham Hill ward
Nubian Emperor, Global Afrikan Congress
Orvil Kunga
Pauline Muir
Raj Gill Ealing, Momentum member 
Richard Clarke
Sam Weinstein, Payday Men's Network
Selma James, Global Women’s Strike
Sara Calloway, Women of Colour, Global Women’s Strike
Shemi Leira
Simeon Stanford
Simon Hinds
Steve Tomlinson
Tony Greenstein, Brighton Palestine Solidarity Campaign, Brighton & Hove Unison LG, Jews 4 Boycotting Israeli Goods
Yvonne Sahiri

Wednesday, 25 May 2016

Open Letter From 40+ African Signatories Sent To Labour Party's Chakrabarti Inquiry On African Liberation Day


London, UK

May 25 2016

Call It By Its Name: Afriphobia Is Racism Against African People

A group of African political, equality and community activists, and academics within and outside Britain have signed an open letter (copied below) to the Labour Party’s Chakrabarti Inquiry into ‘Anti-Semitism and other forms of racism’.

They are of the view that the Inquiry’s remit is discriminatory in that it highlights one form of racism but does not name anti-African racism, Afriphobia, which is ingrained in society and results in the over-representation of Africans in all indices of social deprivation.

The group has made suggestions for the Inquiry to consider with regards to its focus and language.

On the 53rd anniversary of the African Union’s African Liberation Day (ALD) initiative, they advocate the use of the term Afriphobia to specifically identify anti-African racism, and AAME (African, Asian, Minority Ethnic), instead of BAME (Black, Asian, Minority Ethnic), which excludes the African identity.

One of the co-signatories KB Asante, a former aide of President Kwame Nkrumah and Ghanaian High Commissioner to the United kingdom said: “As a member of the Ghana delegation at the birth of African Liberation Day in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on May 25, 1963, I support the sentiments expressed in this open letter challenging the structural racism and Afriphobia ingrained in society.”

The open letter, initiated by Africans For JC Values, a Momentum movement organisation, is in response to recent suspensions and censuring of Labour Party members on allegations of anti-Semitism.


From Awula Serwah
Africans For JC Values Secretary

Some of the Open Letter co-signatories with seated L-R KB Asante and Matilda Asante. Photo by Toyin Agbetu


Call It By Its Name: Afriphobia Is Racism Against African People

An Open Letter To Labour Party’s Chakrabarti Inquiry From A Group Of Africans Concerned About The Inquiry’s Focus & Language

May 25 2016

We the undersigned note that the Labour Party has set up the Chakrabarti Inquiry (Inquiry) to investigate “Anti-Semitism and other forms of racism”.

We are of the view that the terms of reference: ‘Anti-Semitism and other forms of Racism’ are unwittingly discriminatory, as racism against Jewish people is set apart from racism and prejudice against other peoples, particularly Africans (Afriphobia) and Muslims (Islamophobia). 

Even though there is only one race, the human race, a more appropriate title could be on the lines of ‘Investigation into Racism, which includes Afriphobia, Anti-Semitism, and Islamophobia’.

We note that over the years there have been allegations of racism towards Africans (Africans from the continent of Africa and Africans from the Diaspora) and Asians within and outside the Labour Party, but no independent public inquiry has been set up to investigate these allegations.

Undoubtedly  the Jewish holocaust (properly known among the Jewish people as Shoah) is a terrible blight on human history, but we must remember that there were holocausts before and after. The Congolese holocaust in the name of King Leopold II, is said to have claimed 10 millions lives.

The holocaust perpetrated on Africans, also properly known by African people by the Kiswahili words Maafa or Maangamizi, led to the deaths of tens of millions of Africans in holding cells on the continent of Africa, in the process of capture and kidnappings, in the Middle Passage, in enslavement and plantation systems in the Americas, Caribbean, and in the German-governed death camps in Namibia.

The survivors of the Middle Passage suffered unimaginable torture and hardships at the hands of enslavers and plantation owners, and their descendants continue to suffer acute deprivation and are the object of discrimination and racism in America and in the UK, where they are under represented at every level of public life, including in the Labour Party, and over-represented in all indices of social deprivation and criminalisation.

It is for this reason that pan-African Reparation organisations continue to work on repairing the damage to Africans and Africa caused by the trafficking of enslaved Africans, colonialism and neo colonialism. This damage is still being experienced by people of African heritage today.

How is it that commentators can freely blame Africans for the atrocities they suffered with little understanding of the context of the Maangamizi or Maafa without any public uproar? In addition, the school curriculum does not currently teach sufficiently about non-European civilisations, the contributions of non-Europeans to world civilisation or the uncomfortable truths about the British Empire. This in itself contributes to the structural racism which is in society in general, including the Labour Party, where ignorance of the history of the peoples of Africa pervades.

Anti-Semitism and Islamophobia are recognised as challenges that need to be addressed, but Afriphobia is so ingrained in our society that it is not acknowledged as an issue that needs to be challenged, or called by its specific name.

People of African heritage can be vilified and even blamed for the genocide they suffered without any public inquiry or calls for a public inquiry. However when comments perceived to be negative are made about Zionism or the state of Israel, this is perceived at times to be anti-Semitic by those who do not like the comments, whether or not these claims are supported by evidence. This often results in suspensions from the Party and other unfair censures. 

We reject the idea that opposition to Zionism or the Israeli government is necessarily anti-Semitism.

The United Nations has declared 2015-2024 as the International Decade for People of African Descent, and has recognised that Africans represent a distinct group whose human rights must be promoted and protected.

We therefore call upon the Inquiry to investigate and accord equal importance to Afriphobia and its manifestations within and outside the Labour Party. 

We also ask the Inquiry not to unwittingly promote discrimination by the exclusion of the Afriphobia* terminology, and advocate the use of the AAEM (African, Asian, Ethnic Minority) terminology instead of BAME (Black, Asian, Minority Ethnic) which excludes the African identity.

* We  define Afriphobia as: The prejudice or discrimination against; fear, hatred, or bigotry towards people of African heritage and things African.

Awula Serwah
Africans For JC Values secretary
Kwaku (RE:IMI (Race Equality: In Music industry))
Dr KB Asante
Matilda Asante

Adekayode Oke (AFRIKAATUUU Convention for Afrikan Networking (AFRIKAATUUU-CAFRINET), Nigeria)
Adwoa Oforiwaa Adu (All-Afrikan Students Union Link in Europe (AASULE))
Althea Gordon-Davidson (Pan-Afrikan Community Educational Services (PACES))
Beverley Wong (Momentum Black ConneXions)
Blema Etrey
Boucka Stephane Koffi (Pan-Afrikan Fora International Support Coordinating Council (PAFISCC))
Chris Jones (Africans For JC Values)
Esther Stanford-Xosei (Global Afrikan Peoples Parliament)
Darla Migan (Vanderbilt University, US)
Delia Mattis (Momentum member)
Dr Barryl Biekman (Europe-Wide NGO Consultative Council on Afrikan Reparations (ENGOCCAR), Holland)
Enigye Adjoa Ayebea, Grassroots All-Afrikan Women's Internationalist Solidarity Sisterhood (GAAWISS), Ghana)
Explo Nani-Kofi (Kilombo Centre for Citizens' Rights and African Self-Determination, Ghana)
Glenroy watson (RMT London Transport Regional Council, Global Afrikan Congressuk)
Jackie Walker (Momentum, South Thanet Labour Party (suspended), LRC Executive and Labour Briefing Editorial Board)
Kofi Mawuli Klu (Pan-Afrikan Reparations Coalition in Europe)
Kwame Adofo Sampong (Trade Unions and the Pan-Afrikan Community Link (TUPACOL))
Kwame Dede Akuamoah (NKRUMAHBUSUAFO Kwame Nkrumah Convention Family Movement, Ghana)
Leanard Phillip
Linda Bellos (Linda Bellos Associates)
Maatyo Dede Azu (ADZEWAGBETO Pan-Afrikan Women's Liberation Union (ADZEWAGBETO-PAWLU), Ghana)
Marlene Ellis (Momentum Black ConneXions)
Mawuse Yao Agorkor (VAZOBA Afrika and Friends Networking Open Forum (VAZOBA-AFNOF), Ghana)
Nana Asante (Africans For JC Values, Momentum member)
Omowale Ru-Pert-em-Hru (Pan-Afrikan Society Community Forum)
Nehemie Zeguen Toure (Mouvement Social Panafricain pour le Development Integral (MSPDI), Cote d'Ivoire)
Ngoma 'Silver' Bishop (Bema Arts)
Opeyemi Araromi (Pan-African Congresses-United Kingdom Organising Committee (PACs-UKOC))
Professor Lewis Gordon (University of Connecticut, US, Rhodes University, South Africa, Birkbeck School of Law, UK, Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès, France)
Professor Paget Henry (Brown University, US)
Prophet Kweku & Jendayi Serwah (Afrikan Emancipation Day Reparations March Committee (AEDRMC))
Samantha Asumadu (Media Diversified)
Shemi Leira (Momentum Black ConneXions)
Simeon Stanford (Afrikan Reparations Transnational Community of Practice (ARTCoP))
Sumana Nandi (Grassroots Women's Internationalist Solidarity Action Network (GWISAN), India)
Toyin Agbetu (Ligali Organisation)
Wedam Abassey (Forum of Nkrumaist Thought and Action (FONTA), Ghana)
Xolanyo Yawa Gbafa (EDIKANFO Pan-Afrikan Youth and Students Internationalist Link (EDIKANFO-PAYSIL), Ghana)

African Liberation Day on May 25 is an annual holiday in various countries in Africa, and the world, coinciding with African Union's Africa Day. Wikipedia.

Afriphobia is the prejudice or discrimination against; fear, hatred, or bigotry towards people of African heritage and things African. Africans For JC Values.

Anti-Semitism is hostility to or prejudice against Jews. Oxford Dictionaries

Herero And Namaqua (Namibia) Genocide. Wikipedia.

IDPAD 2015-2024 Understanding The UN's Int'l Decade. Kwaku.

Islamophobia is the hatred or fear of Muslims or of their politics or culture. Collins Dictionary

Maafa (or African Holocaust, Holocaust of Enslavement, or Black holocaust as alternatives are terms used to describe the history and ongoing effects of atrocities inflicted on African people. The Maafa includes the Arab and Atlantic slave trades, and continued through imperialism, colonialism, and other forms of oppression to the present day. Wikipedia.

Maangamizi is the intergenerational white supremacist racist mind-set which fueled the Transatlantic Traffic in Enslaved Afrikans (TTEA), Maangamizi (Hellacaust of chattel, colonial and neo-colonial enslavement) from the 15th century to the present day. SMWCGE.

‘Maangamizi’ Video With Lyrics. Akala.

The Hidden (Congo) Holocaust. The Guardian.

When You Kill Ten Million Africans You Aren’t Called ‘Hitler’. Walking Butterfly.