Tuesday, 9 November 2021

AFRICAN HISTORY SEASON 2021 - The Xtra History Sessions Programme


We're repeating much of last year's Monday Xtra History Sessions, plus some additions. It takes place on Mondays Sep. 27, Sep. 30), Oct. 4, 11, 18, 25, Nov. 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, Dec. 6, Dec. 13 and Dec. 20 2021, 6-9pm. Check for updates at: https://AfricanHistoryPlus.eventbrite.com

You can book individually or get 30% off if you book the first 11 of the events in one go, by booking MondayXHS2021 1st 11 Events Discount Hub here. Plus 35% off discount by booking all 13 events in one go here.

Confirmed programme:

Sep. 27 What's British African History? A Free Online Discussion Forum - click here to book. £Free

Sep. 30 (ThursdayPolice & Criminalising Of African Youths guest presenter Dr Adam Elliott-Cooper - click here to book

Oct. 4 THE Reggae Fun, History, Music, Quiz & Prizes Event! guest presenter Colin 'CeeBee' Brown - click here to book

Oct. 11 Interrogating Language 4: Identity, Decolonising, Reparations; Araning & Pan-Africanism: Should Africans Have African Names? - click here to book

Oct. 18 London African History Through Representations In The Capital - click here to book

Oct. 25 Today Brixton Is Locked Off: The Day Black Lives Matter Shut Down Brixton - click here to book

Oct. 27 (Wednesday) Racism, Crime And Policing In The Johnson-(Cummings)-Sewell/Dick Moment! presenter Cecil Gutzmore - click here to book

Nov. 1 Where Would Reggae Be If It Were Not For Migration? click here to book

Nov. 8 Police & Criminalising Of African Youths 2 guest presenter Cecil Gutzmore - click here to book

Nov. 15 1974: That Carib Club Story And Other Clubland Horror Histories - click here to book

Nov. 22 Marking The Centenary Of 1921 Pan-African Congress In London - click here to book

Nov. 29 The True History Of African/Black History Month In The UK - click here to book

Dec 6 African History In Britain: Those Who Built The Foundation - click here to book


Dec. 13 The Men With Ships And Preaching Back To Africa Before Marcus Garvey - click here to book

Dec. 20 UK African Women Self-Organising (Marking the 57th anniversary of the passing of Claudia Jones. Special guests t.b.c) - click here to book

BTWSC/African Histories Revisited events can be accessed via:


and our partner

BBM/BMC (BritishBlackMusic.com/Black Music Congress) events can be accessed via: BBM.eventbrite.com

Follow us on Eventbrite.com. ALL 2021 events are via Zoom

Monday, 8 March 2021

Highlighting Inspirational British African Women With A South London Twist

Highlighting Inspirational British African Women With A South London Twist

By Kwaku

To mark International Women's Day/Month (IWD/M), Wandsworth Libraries has posted on its
 Youtube and Facebook pages Battersea Library's 2020 African History Month Zoom event entitled Exploring The Legacies Of Dame Jocelyn Barrow And Other inspirational British African Women. To mark this year's IWD/M, history consultant Kwaku, who led the Zoom meeting, provides a potted history of some of the women featured.

Of the women highlighted here, Dame Jocelyn Barrow, is the only one who did not live in south London. However, she's left an enduring legacy in south London, particularly in Brixton.

The event was inspired as the library's tribute to Trinidadian-born educationalist and community activist Dame Jocelyn Barrow (15 April 1929 – 9 April 2020), who died last April a few days short of her 91st birthday.

Although a Camden resident, Dame Jocelyn was a patron of Brixton-based Black Cultural Archives, and has a fascinating story about her education and activism work in south London.

She used her profession as a teacher and teacher trainer to develop literacy skills among working adults at community projects. It was on a visit to Brixton to deliver such work that she discovered the colour bar in the local Marks & Spencer. Although there were several African people in the store, she noticed none of the sales staff was African or non-European.

Noticing an in-store publicity for sales staff, she decided to go through the motions of applying for a position. When the manageress said there were no vacancies, not only did she tell the manageress to then take down the vacancy notice, she also made sure the manageress saw a personal letter to her from Lord Sieff, then chairman of the Marks & Spencer.

Suffice to say, it wasn't long before Africans were being employed in that branch. So we owe the now common sight of people from AAME (African, Asian and Minority Ethnic) communities serving in Marks & Spencer in Brixton, and also in the West End, to the efforts of the anti-racism campaigner Dame Jocelyn.

I was blessed to have been invited to her 90th birthday, having built a cordial relationship with her since filming her as one of the seven subjects of my 2009 DVD entitled 'What They Said I Should Be: The Story of African British Female Movers & Shakers'.

One of the subjects of that video is former south-east London-based fashion entrepreneur and gospel singer
 Dr Yana Johnson, who joined us from her home in Houston, Texas. Her Yana brand of cosmetics, which is now available online, used to be available from a store in Brixton, and her boutiques in Brockley and Deptford.

She's not only an accomplished gospel singer and songwriter, but also a public speaker and author. In addition to promoting “economic empowerment”, her parting shot that, like Dame Jocelyn, we must ask ourselves: “What can I do? What have I got to give?”

Someone who literally gave her life to political and community causes was Trinidadian-born Claudia Jones (21 February 1915 – 24 December 1964), one of the greatest British African civil rights activists, ever.

Most readers who know of Jones are likely to locate her activities north of the Thames. She was involved in community activities around Notting Hill, particularly in the aftermath of the 1958 race riots. The indoor Caribbean Carnivals she organised between 1959 and 1964 took place in west and central London. And she lived and died in north London.

But she can also claim to be a south Londoner. Because she's believed to have lived in two Lambeth locations. The records show that she lived on Meadow Road, near Oval between 1958-60, and possibly at another property close to Stockwell.

However, the organ for her campaigning work across politics, community, racism, feminism, workers' rights and internationalism, was the West Indian Gazette (WIG). This monthly, which wasn't, as often erroneously referred to as the first British African newspaper, was nevertheless definitely one of the most influential.

Set up in 1958, Jones run the paper from above Theo Campbell's record shop at 250 Brixton Road. This was where she held court with politicians, diplomats, academics, community activists, and people for a flair for selling the perennially struggling paper. Of the latter, the late former Southwark mayor Sam King and fellow Windrusher and Croydonite James Fairweather, were circulation manager and advertising manager, respectively.

There can hardly be any form of activism concerning London's African communities in which Jones was not involved in. The WIG Caribbean carnival of 1959 was partly meant as a fundraiser to help with legal bills for those caught up in the judicial system, following the 1958 race riots in Notting Hill.

She was part of organisations that fought against racism and colonialism. She campaigned against the passing of the 1962 Commonwealth Immigrants Act, which rolled back rights of settlement of, and numbers of, immigrants particularly from the non-Dominion parts of the British Empire.

Jones was famously at the front of the London march to the US embassy in solidarity with the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in 1963. A decade before, Jones was caught up in the US McCarthyism era witch-hunt against Communists. She was jailed for her Communist membership and deported to Britain in 1955.

When you are next in Brixton library, look above the first floor reception, where you will see a photo of Jones with her comrade in community activism and first wife of pan-Africanism icon Marcus Garvey - Amy Ashwood Garvey, fellow Communist and victim of McCarthyism singer/actor Paul Robeson, his wife Eslanda, and Lambeth Mayor Alderman JW Calder and his wife.

Jones has been erroneously dubbed “Mother Of Notting Hill Carnival”, which was started after her death. This was one of the factoids we tried to put to bed in the Zoom discussion. A more accurate title would be “Mother Of Caribbean Carnival”. However, the most befitting accolade is simply “Civil Rights Activist”, which was how she was described on the Post Office stamp issued with her image in 2008.

Hopefully a reader may be able to answer a puzzling question about Jones. There is a local history and location board in Stockwell Memorial Gardens which states that Jones worked at the Stockwell bus garage. We are keen to corroborate this information. So if there are any readers with long memories who know about Jones working, possibly as a typist, in the bus garage, please let me know.

Also found in Stockwell Memorial Gardens is the Bronze Woman, a statue inspired by the eponymous poem by Guyanese-born poet, educator, and playwright Cecile Nobrega (1 June 1919 – 19 November 2013). Unfortunately Covid-19 put paid to the annual remembrance held by the statue last October.

Luckily, we were joined by the poet's daughter Eve, who expatiated on her mother's talents as a composer and pianist, who won several music and short story writing competition prizes in her native British Guiana. There is a plaque on her former Stockwell home in Nealden Street.

The video used, ‘London African History Through Representation In The Capital’, captures a plaque that for now has no home. It's an Olive Morris (26 June 1952 – 12 July 1979) plaque unveiled by Morris' mum inside the now demolished Olive Morris House building.

The building is named after Morris, whose short 27 year life belies the amount and range of activism she was involved in, mainly around Brixton. The Jamaican-born activist of the 1970s was a member of the British Black Panther Movement, Organisation of Women of Asian and African Descent and the Brixton Black Women's Group.

She was an ardent squatter rights activist, which makes it interesting that Lambeth Council named one of its buildings after her.

Although the eponymous building is no more, Lambeth Council Cabinet Member for Equalities and Culture Sonia Winifred informed the meeting that there's a possibility of the new building being built on the site having a feature with Morris' name on it. Meanwhile, a suitable building is being sort where Morris' plaque can be installed.

Other women highlighted at the meeting were former Attorney General Baroness Scotland, who was at the unveiling of the Bronze Woman in 2008, parliamentarian Dawn Butler, classical music composer Shirley Thompson, PR/promoter Ruth Amankwah, entrepreneur Dounne Alexander, and Guyanese-born Jessica Huntley (23 February 1927 – 13 October 2013), who was a book publisher, community activist and one of the driving forces behind the New Cross Massacre Action Committee of 1981.

P.S. Cllr Patsy Cummings highlighted Croydonite composer Samuel Coleridge-Taylor and the fact that Bob Marley & The Wailers' last London gig at Crystal Palace 40 years ago was recently marked with a blue plaque. Dr Velma McClymont spoke about West Indian Gazette reporter Donald Hinds. We have resources covering these men for another programme, but for now, the focus is on our women!

Saturday, 3 October 2020

Support Our 'Order Of St Michael And St George Insignia Image Is Racist And Afriphobic, And Must Go!' Petition

Support Our 'Order Of St Michael And St George Insignia Image Is Racist And Afriphobic, And Must Go!' Petition

Oct. 2 2020

Click here to sign petition.

So, it's the start of October, which in the United Kingdom, also means the start of African History Month. This is supposed to be the time when schools, councils, libraries, the media, some corporate bodies and community groups, highlight the great and good among the global African family, and senior politicians such as the Prime Minister, mayors, Council leaders, and equalities and culture portfolio holders offer platitudes that speak to the valuable contributions made by Africans to society generally, and specifically to some borough or region.

The irony of words such as Prime Minister Boris Johnson saying: “Black British history is all our history,” aren't lost on most people. What happens on the ground might of course be very different. We all know that if this history was really appreciated, what I call The Big Shame or the Commonwealth And Windrush Scandal, might not have happened.

Worse still, few would know that one of the PM's ministerial departments, which is in grave need of rebuilding trust among the African and other marginalised communities, recently withdrew advertising from a small, specialist publication because of a perceived slight or criticism. Are publications expected to accept everything the wings of government say without criticism, or else face withdrawal of advertising revenue?

Anyway, I digress. So back to the matter at hand.

I, as TAOBQ (The African Or Black Question) co-ordinator, have launched this petition at the start of African History Month, and intend reminding BBM subscribers each week to sign or forward the petition until it closes at the end of the Month. And if the weekly frequency of an otherwise decidedly ad hoc newsletter gets too much, thankfully we have a simple Unsubscribe link.

Anyway, soon after the Afriphobic death of George Floyd in late May, the image of a “white” St Michael standing on the neck of a “black” devil surfaced. My initial reaction upon seeing one of the different versions of the image that adorns the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG) insignia was that it was fake!

It seemed unbelievable that such an image of “European/white/good/saint” and “African/black/bad/devil” could still be in use. That's until Lord Simon Woolley confirmed its provenance at a Zoom meeting on decolonisation and pan-Africanism.

In addition to the exchanges of the image on social media and WhatsApp messages, someone set up a petition asking that the medal be “completely redesigned in a more appropriate way and for an official apology to be given for the offence it has given”. All very reasonable. It garnered over 15,000 signatures and coverage in newspapers such as the Daily Mail and the Guardian.

In my view, the only problem with the petition was that it was directed to the UK Parliament. I tried unsuccessfully to make contact with the petition proposer to suggest it be re-directed to those who have direct control over the Order.

As we can now see, although the petition has amassed a laudable 18K-plus signatures, there's been no forward movement three months on since the Cabinet Office said the premise of the petition is 'inaccurate', because the current image was redesigned in 2011 and now features a "light-skinned" devil. Also, it adds, those with the pre-2011 insignia can request an exchange.

So to the Cabinet Office, the matter is solved. Like it's OK because the devil's now “light-skinned” (see left). But we think not! The latest iteration still perpetuates the colour racist hierarchy. It's still racist against both olive-skinned people and those of multiple heritage.

What is it with a Eurocentric or white supremacist mindset that depicting the devil with wings or a lower body of a serpent is not grotesque enough without making the devil look African, dark, brown or “light-skinned”? As if this is not bad enough, this grotesque racist iconography has been internalised by some Africans on the African continent, where at least one life-size statue can be found in the grounds of a Catholic church in Ghana!

It is for this reason, and wearing my hat as TAOBQ (The African Or Black Question) co-ordinator, that I'm appealing to conscious Africans, allies and Afriphiles, to call out these racist images, and where possible campaign for their removal or withdrawal.

For our part, we're launching a petition today directed at the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG) Chancellor The Rt Hon Lord Robertson and Prelate Bishop David Urquhartrequesting that the Order withdraw the current “light-skinned” devil iteration, make a formal apology for unwittingly promoting racism and Afriphobia, promise to institute anti-racism training within the Order's organisation and embed anti-racism awareness within its processes that will commission, review, sign-off and promote the 'non-racist' GCMC replacement image and other images on its other insignia.

In the summer Jamaican governor Sir Patrick took the decision not to use the insignia anymore. He went as far as writing to the Order's Chancellor, suggesting the image be “changed to reflect an inclusive image of the shared humanity of all peoples.

We are yet to hear the Order's response, or indeed that of the other African recipients of this particular Order. Their silence perhaps speaks to their suffering from Afri-victimised syndrome, in that they cherish this accolade from the top of the British Establishment too much to think of it as tarnished, even if it's Afriphobic.

As we mark African History Month, each Monday, a mail out will be sent reminding you to sign the petition, and if you have, to forward it to someone else to sign. The petition will close on Oct. 31, after which it will be officially handed to the two officers of the Order. And we'll be on their case for a formal reply.

The motto of the insignia reads: “Auspicium Melioris Ævi”, which means 'Token of a Better Age'. We hope in light of this petition the Order will do the right thing in this current age of heightened racial equity awareness.

TAOBQ (The African Or Black Question)

Thursday, 11 June 2020

Four Band Global African Quad Flag Decided Upon

June 11 2020

At a Zoom meeting on June 10 - 2020: Marcus Garvey @ 80: Moving Towards A Unifying African Identity - attendees overwhelmingly voted for the use of the four band Global African Quad Flag. The results of a poll at the end of the meeting was 81% for the four band and 19% for the 5 band, which has two black bands, each representing Africans of the continent and of the diaspora.

The 5 band version was an addition to the original 4 band, which came out of the 2014 100th anniversary commemoration of the founding of the Universal Negro Improvement Association-African Communities League, organised by TAOBQ (The African Or Black Question) and partners in London.

The African Global Quad Flag combines the four common colours of the two pan-African colours - Ethiopian/Rastafari's green, gold and red, and the UNIA's red, black and green.

Going forward, TAOBQ and The African Coalition advocates the use of the Global African Quad colour to visually represent issues of African interest or concern, particularly Afriphobia.

Watch this space or www.AfricanHistoryPlus.eventbrite.com for details of events organised by TAOBQ, The African Coalition and partners under the Marcus Garvey/UNIA-ACL 80:100 banner.

Monday, 25 May 2020

Blam! Pow! BAME Advocates African Identity Group, Which Acknowledges An MP And A Community Group For Using AAME

Blam! Pow! BAME Advocates African Identity Group, Which Acknowledges An MP And A Community Group For Using AAME

May 25 2020

To mark Africa Day/African Liberation Day, UK-based African identity campaign group TAOBQ (The African Or Black Question), in association with The African Coalition, launches its latest slogan attacking the BAME (Black, Asian, and Minority Ethnic) terminology, which has attained an unprecedented ubiquitousness in its use especially in the current discourse on the disproportionate manner in which Covid-19 is affecting particularly non-Europeans in Britain and elsewhere, such as Brazil and the United States.

Today, TAOBQ introduces its latest slogan: Blam! Pow! BAME = Use AAME. TAOBQ, which coined the AAME acronym, which stands for African, Asian, Minority Ethnic, or African, Asian and/& Minority Ethnic, has been consistently campaigning for the use of African since its conference in 2012 passed a resolution to use African, instead of black, to refer to people of African heritage, irrespective of whether they come from Africa, the Caribbean, Britain or other parts of the African diaspora.

After years of writing directly to the Labour Party and anti-racist organisations to use AAME, African, Asian, Minority Ethnic, African, and Afriphobia, which specifically refers to anti-African racism, and publishing articles – the latest being the pre-International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (Anti-Racism Day) 2020 piece 'The Politics Of Racism, Terminologies And Imagery', TAOBQ recognises some rays of hope. 

Last week, Leicester East MP Claudia Webbe was accused by the Jewish community of discrimination by not including them when she made reference to the African, Asian and minority ethnic communities in her question to Prime Minister Boris Johnson during Prime Minister's Questions (PMQ) on the disproportionate impact of Covid-19 on minority communities in the UK.

In a reply published in The Jewish Chronicle, Webbe, who described herself as an “African woman”, was forthright in clarifying her position that she did not discriminate against the Jewish community, as they are included in the “ethnic minority” bit. It would seem this response has put a lid on the non-issue, as we have thus far not heard any accusations of anti-semitism or a call for an apology.

Incidentally, talking about discrimination, the African community has a legitimate cause for making allegations of discrimination. Africans face the worse forms of discrimination in Britain and other parts of the diaspora, from unemployment, educational attainment, housing, the criminal justice system, to deaths in state custody. This is the reason why the UN launched the International Decade for People of African Descent (IDPAD) 2015-24 initiative, which Britain and most Western UN member states have not engaged with.

For example, accusations of anti-Semitism within the Labour Party were enough for the party to conduct an internal investigation into anti-Semitism, where Afriphobia and “other forms of racism” were nothing but footnotes in the resulting report. The same accusation has led to an on-going investigation by the Equality and Human Rights Commission.

In contrast, there have been no moves to investigate the Afriphobic activities by Labour Party staff that have been revealed in the leaked Labour Party documents. The party leader Sir Starmer Kier has shown no signs of addressing this. He was however quick in making a public apology to the Jewish community within the first week of gaining the helm of the party. Perhaps he'll make his position privately known when replying to the numerous letters sent to him by Labour members and activists.

Considering that the national equality body has seen no reason to investigate the accusation of Islamophobia within the Conservative Party,what chance is there of it taking it upon itself to investigate the Afriphobic activities by Labour Party staff ?

Talking about activists, we are heartened by community activist Olalekan Odedeyi, who after our presentation on identity terminologies at the IDPAD Coalition UK's launch on its Afriphobia document last December, with the support of the leadership of his Middlesbrough activist group, changed the group's name to Tees Valley Labour AAME Forum.

So on this day that African Day/African Liberation Day is marked by Africans and their allies across the world, TAOBQ is proud to present the first Blam! Pow! BAME = Use AAME Award to Olalekan and Tees Valley Labour AAME Forum, for making an organisational shift in supporting the use of AAME.

The second Blam! Pow! BAME = Use AAME Award goes to Claudia Webbe for consistently using African, Asian, and minority ethnic in her House of Commons contributions. Hansard captures three occasions – the first on March 9 2020, when the new MP made her maiden speech; May 18, during the Immigration and Social Security Co-ordination (EU Withdrawal) Bill debate; and on May 20, when she asked the Boris Johnson during PMQ what he was going to do, in light of the disproportionate impact of coronavirus on AAME communities.

One hopes Webbe's fellow African Labour MPs, particularly Diane Abbott, Dawn Butler and Clive Lewis, who were the targets of Labour Party HQ Afriphobic undermining activities, will start using AAME, instead of BAME, and African, instead of black.

Incidentally, TAOBQ is against the use of black in reference to African people, but not against black in describing concepts, such as black politics, black power, black music, or the accounting term “in the black”.

To better understand TAOBQ's position on identity and language, you can read TAOBQ (The African Or Black Question) Manifesto 2020+and related material on TAOBQ.blogspot.com. TAOBQ is part of the organisers of The African Coalition's Marcus Garvey @ 80: Moving Towards A Unifying African Identity, a Zoom online contribution to Anti-University 2020 on June 10, 6-9pm (UK, GMT +1) via AfricanHistoryPlus.eventbrite.com.

We also support African History And Representation Across London, a contribution to London History Month on May 31.

Four years ago on Africa Day/African Liberation Day 2016, Africans For JC Values and dozens of pan-African co-signatories, made a submission to Labour Party's Chakrabarti Inquiry to investigate “Anti-Semitism and other forms of racism”, which was also published as an open letter entitled 'Call It By Its Name: Afriphobia Is Racism Against African People'.

Since then, our campaign on Twitter has included the #CallItByItsNameAfriphobiahashtag. Others are #JustSayAfrican,#Afriphobia, and #AAME.


TAOBQ (The African Or Black Question) campaign lead

Tuesday, 28 January 2020

TAOBQ (The African Or Black Question) Manifesto 2020+

TAOBQ (The African Or Black Question) Manifesto 2020+

1. Describe people of African heritage as African or as of African heritage (not origin), instead of black. Click here or here
2. The opportunity for study of African history or Africana to be made more accessible, and either descriptor be used, instead of black history or black studies. Click here
3. When itemising racial discriminations, then use 
Afriphobia (note the spelling with an “i”), which refers to the prejudice or discrimination against; fear, hatred, or bigotry towards people of African heritage and things African, instead or anti-black racism or lumping it under racism. Click here
4. Use AAME (African, Asian, Minority 
Ethnic) terminology, instead of BAME (Black, Asian, Minority Ethnic), which excludes the African identity. Click here

Supplementary items:
5. Use the Global African quad flag/colours as the visual identifier of African-centred matters. Click here NOTE: As of June 10 2020, the 4 band version was adopted as the Global African Quad flag/colours.

6. People of African heritage to consider adopting African names, in order to assert their African identity. Click here

7. Make time to observe August 31 as African History Reflection Day. Click here

Our abiding quotes:
"We are African people. Get comfortable with it. And learn to love your African self." Ronoko Rashidi, historian

"There is no greater fulfillment than knowing who you are and accepting who you are as an African." Akyaaba Addai-Sebo, originator of African (Black) History Month UK

"A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots." Marcus Garvey, pan-Africanist icon

Our Twitter hashtags:
#JustSayAfrican #CallItByItsNameAfriphobia #TheAfricanCDay

The African Coalition Day 2020, Saturday Aug. 15 2020, 2-8pm in London, UK:

Friday, 4 May 2018

Keeping You In The Loop

Above is the Global African Quad flag - to find out more, please read:

 NOTE: As of June 10 2020, the 4 band version was adopted
as the Global African Quad flag.

Here are some of our related activities:

Diane Abbott MP At Commonwealth And Windrush Generation Rally On Parliament Square April 30

Solidarity With Commonwealth & Windrush Generation Rally April 30 2018

Liberation School Session 1: Understanding Trade Unions, Labour Party And Community ActivismApril 14 2018, central London

African & Proud? 2
May 19 2018, central London

London African History Through Representation In The Capital
May 31, central London

British Black Music Month (BBMM) 2018 Launch/'Britain's Contribution To The Development Of Reggae' Premiere
June 1 2018, central London

BBMM2018 Competition: Win A Pair Of Focus Africa Music Festival 2018 Zimbabwe UK Burkina Faso Tickets
Closing date May 28

BBMM2018 Competition: Win One Or Two Positive Vibration: Festival Of Reggae June 8-9 2018 Weekend Tickets
Closing date June 3

Who I Am & What I Do Networking 9
June 12 2018, Stonebridge

Britain & Reggae: A Special 50 Year History
June 13, 6-7.30pm

Look: From Empire Windrush To The Commonwealth & Windrush Scandal (1948-2018)

June 15, 5.30-7pm

Look: The Other Windrush Stories!
June 30 2018, central London

BBMM2018: Submit Your Favourite British Reggae Track
Closing date: June 24 2018

International Reggae Day London 2018
July 1 2018, central London

1968 RRA @ 50: Exploring Race Laws, History And Practice
July 2 2018
Harrow On The Hill 

Talking Copyright: On A Reggae Tip
July 20 2018, Angel

BBMM2018 Making Sense Of How The Music Industry Works
July 28, Harrow In The Hill

Black Music Records & African Crafts Fair IX
July 29, Harrow On The Hill

The Marcus Garvey Annual Pan-Africanism Presentation 2018
Aug. 17 2018, Willesden Green

August 23: Marcus Garvey And The Significance Of August Within Global African History
Aug. 24, venue TBC

African History Reflection Day: From Empire Windrush, Bristol Bus Boycott To Stephen Lawrence
Aug. 31 2018, Harrow On The Hill